Methods and Instruments

 

Instruments

 

synthesis and processing:

  • mixed oxide, sol-gel and solvo-thermal processing
  • electrospinning
  • tape casting

electrochemistry:

  • electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS)
  • galvanostatic cycling
  • cyclic voltammetry
  • rotating disc

spectroscopy:

  • 'in-operando' magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR, EPR)
  • 'in-operando' Raman und Infrared spectroscopy
  • 'in-situ' X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XPS)

microscopy:

  • 'in-situ' electron microscopy (SEM, TEM) with chemical analysis
  • atomic force microscopy (AFM)

More information regarding the microscopy are available on the PGI-5 site of the Forschungszentrum Jülich.